Topic outline

SPECIFICITY

Reasoned Writing / A Framework for Scientific Papers

• TOPIC OUTLINE -- REASONED WRITING

TOPIC OUTLINE

Reasoned Writing Topic Outline ("tree" format: read from left to right and/or follow the numbers)

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Reasoning is the strongest framework for scientific communication.

reasoning form arguments?

AND transitions are perhaps the most common and least powerful logical transitions.

The word "And" is not the only way to reflect the AND conjunction. Some other words that can also express "And" are:

"And" Transitions

Sometimes, it is possible to use logical transitions that are similar to "and," but more specific. For example, if two premises are similar to each other, then expressing the similarity is more powerful than simply declaring both premises. Similarity can be expressed using several terms, such as:

Similarity Transitions

Hierarchical conjunctions can provide valuable information about the relationships among elements.

There are many ways to indicate hierarchies. However, two main categories are subsets (less inclusive groups within a larger group) and supersets (more inclusive groups that contain a smaller group).

EXAMPLES OF HIERARCHICAL CONJUNCTIONS

"But" transitions are conjunctions that express contrast. "But" transitions can greatly help clarify differences and maintain reader interest.

Fortunately, the word "but" is not the only way to express a "but" transition.

More "but" Transitions

Several words can indicate the conclusions of reasoned arguments.

There are several Logical Transitions that indicate conclusions, including:

"Conclusions" Transitions

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PROCEED ALONG THE TREE FROM LEFT -> RIGHT.

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